Page last updated April 2020

This is a FREE resource designed to support the medical profession in their care of women made possible by over 750 expert clinicians who are generously providing their contributions without any remuneration and by the publishers who have paid personally for the creation of this site in the memory of their daughter, Abigail.

Current Authors

Uric Acid

Uric acid is a breakdown product of cell nuclei. 

Two-thirds are excreted in the urine and one-third in the stool. 

Changes in serum uric acid levels may be caused by:

  • Increased production of urates
  • Decreased excretion of urates

Uric Acid levels may rise in the presence of:

  • Renal failure
  • Gout
  • Cancer
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Starvation
  • Shock
  • Alcoholism
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Hemolysis
  • Trauma

Uric Acid levels may fall in the presence of:

  • Pregnancy
  • Wilson's Disease
  • Fanconi Syndrom
  • Uricosuric drugs (allopurinol, sulfinpyrazone, probenecid)

Normal Values*

Men 3.5-7.2 mg/dl 0.21-0.43 mmol/L
Women 1.5-6.0 mg/dl 0.09-0.36 mmol/L
Pregnancy 1.2-4.5 0.07-0.27 mmol/L

*These are general values taken from a variety of sources. The actual normal values may vary from lab to lab and from one type of testing protocol to another.

Source: Operational Medicine 2001,  Health Care in Military Settings, NAVMED P-5139, May 1, 2001, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Department of the Navy, 2300 E Street NW, Washington, D.C., 20372-5300